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Black Studies

In the midst of the Civil Rights Movement, Black students on campus became cognizant of and dissatisfied with the fact that their history was underrepresented in academic courses. In 1969, the Afro-American Society presented an 18-point revision of Dartmouth’s commitment to Black students to the College, specifically calling for Dartmouth to develop a Black Studies major.

That same year, Dartmouth adopted Black Studies as a remedial academic program. At the program’s beginning stages, Dartmouth struggled with a number of issues, including establishing an all-encompassing curriculum that explored the entire spectrum of the Black experience, and hiring and retaining experienced faculty. Due to the frequent turnover of faculty, course offerings continuously changed to fit the interests and expertise of different scholars. Dartmouth was also confronted by the question of whether to open Black Studies courses to the entire student body or only to minority students.

The years 1972 and 1973 proved ushered in a period of transition for the program when a new chairman was hired. The first major task of the new Black Studies Chair was to make concrete steps to divest the program of its administrative responsibilities to the Afro-American Student Association, so as to clearly delineate academic and social supports for Black students. The Black Studies Program was relocated from the established “Am” building to Silsby Hall, where various social science programs were already being housed.

In 1973, a Visiting Evaluation Team and the Internal Committee on Instruction officially evaluated the program, recommending the continuation of the program for another five years and offering recommendations for improvements and sustainability. The years directly following proved to be successful for Black Studies, as the program stabilized and flourished in terms of course offerings, staffing, enrollment and scholarly activities.

From the Archives

This newspaper article was published following the presentation of demands by Dartmouth’s Afro-American Society (AAS) to the College administration. As author Joe Duggan reports, the 18-point resolution was submitted to College officials primarily to address Dartmouth’s recruitment and admissions policies, including demands for a firm commitment to increasing the percentage of Black students in incoming freshmen classes and Black representation in admissions and guidance departments. In addition to recruitment and advising, the article articulates the students’ other goals, such as a new building to house the Dartmouth Afro-American Society and “the development and implementation of a black studies major by September of 1970.”

This article was published following the presentation of demands by Dartmouth’s Afro-American Society (AAS) to the College administration. The 18-point resolution was submitted to College officials to address Dartmouth’s recruitment and admissions policies, resources for current Black students, and the development of a black studies major by September 1970.

Compiled by members of an External Review Committee tasked with evaluating Dartmouth’s Black Studies Program in 1973, this report acknowledges both the weaknesses of Dartmouth’s current program in addition to the valuable role it has played in the lives of several interviewed students. The committee report concludes by asserting that a stronger Black Studies Program “can and must be established at Dartmouth.”

Compiled by members of an external review committee, this report acknowledges the weaknesses of Dartmouth’s program in addition to the valuable role it has played in the lives of interviewed students. The committee report concludes by asserting that a stronger Black Studies Program “can and must be established at Dartmouth.”

This pamphlet advertising the newly reorganized Black Studies Program depicts a classroom of diverse students. Dartmouth previously struggled over the decision to open Black Studies courses to the entire student body, or only to minority students. This publication demonstrates Dartmouth’s more concrete vision for the institution's Black Studies Program following the hiring of Black Studies Chairman S. Jay Walker in 1974.

This pamphlet advertising the newly reorganized Black Studies Program depicts a classroom of diverse students. This publication demonstrates Dartmouth’s more concrete vision for the institution's Black Studies Program following the hiring of Black Studies Chairman S. Jay Walker in 1974.

Professor Wendell Gorum’s “Black Studies 1: Introduction to Black Studies” syllabus for the Fall 1974 term. Professor Gorum’s class sought to explore “the status of black people in the United States from their first arrival to the present.”

Professor Wendell Gorum’s “Black Studies 1: Introduction to Black Studies” syllabus for the Fall 1974 term. The class sought to explore “the status of black people in the United States from their first arrival to the present.”

This announcement details the unanimous decision made by Dartmouth College to continue the Black Studies Program for another five years and change its name to “African and Afro-American Studies.” The decision was made after a year-long review by heads of Afro-American Studies at other institutions and Dartmouth’s own Black Studies council. The latter decision to change the program’s name reflected new provisions to “include Black history and culture in Africa and in the New World prior to (and) following emancipation.”

This announcement details the unanimous decision made to continue the Black Studies Program for five years and change its name to “African and Afro-American Studies.” The decision was made after a year-long review by heads of Afro-American Studies at other institutions and Dartmouth’s Black Studies Council.

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